Essay on Cause of Lapindo Hut Mud Flood Case

Source of Lapindo Shelter Mud Ton Case

Civics Individual Conventional paper


Simply by: Aditya Rahman Sulaiman


International Undergraduate Programme

Lapindo hot mud flood circumstance or we usually called it " banjir lumpur panas Lapindo” is an event of the unstoppable mud gush in Kecamatan Porong, Kabupaten Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur and this accident had been happened seeing that 29 may well 2006. You will find 2 landscapes of the source of this Lapindo hut mud flood circumstance. First, several scholars declared that the primary reason for this event was because drilling mistakes and technical complications. Other theory said that it had been happened because natural devastation, this theory explaining that sooner or later hot mud gush will be occur, the lapindo's mining activity is only the trigger. 1st theory feels that there is an eror inside the mining activity, PT. LAPINDO is suspected not carrying out a proper procedure in making use of the correct brace and tad (mata bor), they use it within several depth containing different thickness and triggering a mistake. In the begininning, PT LAPINDO won a drilling well tender known as " pengeboran sumur Banjar Panji-1” coming from PT Medici Citra Nusantara as really worth as US$24 million. PT LAPINDO was planning to drill the very well until 8500 feet or perhaps 2590 inmiscuirse depth. To be able to reach that depth, imbed the Kujung layer (lapisan batu gamping), anticipate blood circulation loss potency (losing dirt from the development cause a very dense liquid or perhaps mud arrive up) and kick strength (infiltration of other liquide to the upper layer), normally PT LAPINDO is needed to make use of a casing due to the brace and bit. Working their operate, PT LAPINDO has already applied 30 " casing intended for 150 ft depth, 20 inch casing for 1195 feet, 16 inch casing for 2385 feet and casing 13-3/8 inch intended for 3580 feet until 9297 feet, that they only not yet put the previous casing, the 9-5/8 inches casing for reach the Kujung part in 8500 feet. Truth be told, PT LAPINDO has a wrong prognosis a drilling term which in brief means drilling method of several points. Earning a diagnosis in different areas, they producing a research of the Kendeng Area but they drill at the Rembang Zone they assume this sort of areas offers same layers, due to those areas happen to be closed enough. They estimation that inside the drilling point, Kujung coating will block them for 8500 foot depth, truly there is no Kujung layer within just areas. They used a lot of casing which they are don't necessary need to use and make an car accident. As consequences, an overpressure mud is definitely blow out towards the upper layer in mining process, the reduced layer acquired already damaged rapidly and never suitable with PT LAPINDO method.

Then, following reaching 9297 feet the brace and bit details limestone (batu gamping). LAPINDO thought that the point at Kujung formation has been achieved, the truth is they just reach Klitik zone (also a limestone formation yet has distinct density and porousity). Commensurate with mining procedure, LAPINDO use a mining pump in order to avoid the hot off-road come up. The porousity of Klitik sector made the covering dirt been spread over that region and circulation loss happen. After the covering up mud burning off, kick was happened, the hot mud attempted to achived upper layer because of density big difference. Following the exploration procedure, mining process was stopped and the brace and bit has been tried to be lifted up. Unfortunately, the brace and bit was stuck and been slice. A Blowout Preventer (BOP) on the device has been sealed and an additional weight dirt which has a big number of density was circulated down to be able to stopping the kick. An additional unexpected dirt activity happned, because layer is so porous and the Blow Out Preventer (BOP) was already located, the hot dirt was searching for other method. Condition and natural fissures of such soil as well could be a factor why this kind of kick –ing accident can be happen. Due to the fact that this surface blowout accident happened, the hot off-road is not really been ceased yet. The odd points is all with the document and mining method especially about casing assembly is already recognized by BP...