The Psychological Consequences of Money
Kathleen D. Vohs, et approach.
Science 314, 1154 (2006);
DOI: 15. 1126/science. 1132491
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The Psychological Consequences
Kathleen Deb. Vohs, 1* Nicole L. Mead, a couple of Miranda Ur. Goode3
Funds has been said to change someones motivation (mainly for the better) and their behavior toward others (mainly for the worse). The results of nine experiments suggest that money brings about a self-sufficient orientation in which persons prefer to end up being free of addiction and dependents. Reminders of money, relative to non-money reminders, generated reduced asks for for help and reduced helpfulness toward others. Relative to participants primed with neutral concepts, participants primed with money desired to play only, work exclusively, and put even more physical range between themselves and a fresh acquaintance
eople long include debated the consequence of
money upon human patterns. Some students
have directed to their role since an incentive,
insofar as people want profit order to operate it
intended for prized goods or services (1, 2). Others, yet , have deplored money for undermining sociable harmony (3). We propose that both effects emerge from similar underlying process: Money makes people feel self-sufficient and behave accordingly.
In this Record, " moneyвЂќ refers to a distinct
entity, a specific economic idea. Consistent
to scholarly uses of the term (1), we use the
term money to symbolize the idea of money, not
real estate or belongings. Our research activates the
concept of cash through the use of mental priming techniques, which heighten the accessibility of the notion of money although at a good below participants'
conscious awareness. Thus, priming acts as a
nonconscious reminder of the concept of cash.
We examined whether initiating the concept of
money leads individuals to behave self-sufficiently,
which we all define since an insulated state where
people put forth effort to achieve personal goals and
prefer to be individual from other folks. The term even as we
define it will not imply a value judgment and
encompasses a combination of desirable and undesirable features, which may help explain the positive and unfavorable consequences involving (4).
The self-sufficiency hypothesis encapsulates
conclusions from extant research in money. If perhaps money
results in a state of self-sufficiency, then the lack
of money should make people feel ineffectual.
Previous analysis indicates that physical and mental
health issues after financial strain due to job damage is
statistically mediated by simply reduced emotions of personal control (5). A recently available theory by Lea and Webley (1), which...
Recommendations: 14 July 2006; accepted 18 September 2006
10. 1126/science. 1132491
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